A standard and a multi-stakeholder Initiative

We believe in the importance of the promotion and protection of human rights throughout the world and the constructive role businesses, governments, and civil society can play in together advancing these goals.

In 2000, companies, governments and NGOs engaged in a dialogue to address security-related human rights abuses and violations. As a collective effort, the Voluntary Principles were developed and later became a globally recognized standard. The Voluntary Principles Initiative promotes the principles and its implementation by members from three pillars: corporate, government, and NGO.

Joint effort. Collective gain

Through the implementation of the Voluntary Principles and participation in the Initiative, governments, NGOs and companies develop relationships through which they can participate in dialogue, engage in mutual learning and joint problem solving, create common approaches to address challenges, and jointly promote human rights for a lasting positive impact.

For governments

Reaffirms government commitment to the protection of human rights and prevention of conflict. Promotes transparency and good corporate social responsibility practices and encourages a more stable investment environment.

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For companies

Minimises security-related impacts on communities and aligns corporate policies with internationally recognized human rights principles. It also reduces reputational concerns and contributes to operational stability.

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For NGOs

Provides a better understanding of issues related to security and human rights, improving the ability to advocate for change. Provides tools and approaches that can be incorporated into their work.

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Read our latest news

15
February 2024

VPI Participation at PDAC 2024 Convention  

The VPI is pleased to once again be part of the upcoming Prospectors and Developers Association of Canada (PDAC) convention, the mining event taking place in Toronto, Canada, from March 3 to 6, 2024.   We welcome industry professionals and stakeholders to visit us at our booth. Hard copies of recently launched materials and other useful tools will be available.

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11
January 2024

Application Window for VPI Membership Open Until March 31, 2024

Organizations interested in becoming a VPI Member need to submit their applications in writing by March 31, 2024. To be considered for VPI Membership, an applicant must demonstrate that they meet the entry criteria for the category they are applying to — Corporate, Government, NGO, or Observer.

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15
December 2023

Webinar Recording – Rights and Realities: Protecting Human Rights Defenders in the Context of Security

Watch the recording of this webinar session held on December 14, 2023, featuring the authors of two recently launched resources on strengthening the protection of human rights defenders.

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10
December 2023

Voluntary Principles Initiative Launches New Resources to Strengthen Protection of Human Rights Defenders

With this year’s International Human Rights Day celebrating the 75th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, VPI brings light to the important role of human rights defenders by launching two useful documents on how organizations can help protect the defenders in the context of security.

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What you may also want to know

Read answers to common questions about how implementing the principles will bring a positive impact to communities and what becoming a member of the Initiative means.

What are considered human rights abuses in relation to security operations?
Do I need to be a member to implement the Voluntary Principles?
How is the Voluntary Principles Initiative governed?
How do the different pillars contribute to the Initiative?
How can the Voluntary Principles support a company to achieve better results on the ground?

Everyone is entitled to fundamental human rights which include the right to life, to be free from torture and degrading treatment, freedom of expression, among others. While performing their duties and to protect the rights of others, private and public security personnel may need to use force to secure company assets, operations, and personnel. However, they still need to comply with policies, procedures, and the law. That includes using the minimum force necessary to resolve the situation, acting ethically, and only when necessary. Security personnel should also consider the vulnerabilities of particular groups such as women and girls, children, indigenous peoples, ethnic and religious minorities, foreign nationals, the poor and marginalized, LGBT persons and human rights defenders. Failing to do so may result in human rights abuses or violations.

You do not need to be a member to implement the Voluntary Principles. However, members can benefit from joining the Initiative. For example, members can participate in dialogue about the challenges of implementing the principles; engage in mutual learning and joint problem solving with other members that are well versed in security and human rights issues; create partnerships to address the challenges of security and human rights at the international, national and project level; jointly promote human rights to provide lasting positive impact; and develop tools that will help define best practice.

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Participants are organized into three pillars: corporate, government, and NGO. Observers can participate if they meet certain criteria such as demonstrating relevant expertise in human rights or in the industries that are the focus of the Voluntary Principles. All participants attend an annual plenary where the main decision-making takes place. Additionally, a Steering Committee, formed by participants of all three pillars, is responsible for the executive decisions. The Secretariat is responsible for the day-to-day administration. Finally, the Voluntary Principles Association is the entity that addresses the financial and administrative needs of the Initiative.

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Each group of stakeholders offers a unique perspective and contribution. Governments provide an enabling environment for the implementation of the Voluntary Principles for the public and private security sector and implement national policies; companies have firsthand knowledge regarding the challenges of working with public and private security on the ground; and NGOs have access to information regarding how security-related issues impact local communities. By working together and sharing information, stakeholders are better equipped to address security concerns collectively and to achieve lasting positive impacts.

The principles support improved practices by companies at the project level. Company participants have updated their corporate policies to reflect the values and act on the recommendations found in the principles. For example, many companies have integrated the principles into their contracts with private security providers. Additionally, companies have made significant investments in training programs for public and private security forces, employees, and contractors. Companies who join the Initiative can also draw on the experience of other members to better identify and manage security-related human rights risks.

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  • Everyone is entitled to fundamental human rights which include the right to life, to be free from torture and degrading treatment, freedom of expression, among others. While performing their duties and to protect the rights of others, private and public security personnel may need to use force to secure company assets, operations, and personnel. However, they still need to comply with policies, procedures, and the law. That includes using the minimum force necessary to resolve the situation, acting ethically, and only when necessary. Security personnel should also consider the vulnerabilities of particular groups such as women and girls, children, indigenous peoples, ethnic and religious minorities, foreign nationals, the poor and marginalized, LGBT persons and human rights defenders. Failing to do so may result in human rights abuses or violations.

  • You do not need to be a member to implement the Voluntary Principles. However, members can benefit from joining the Initiative. For example, members can participate in dialogue about the challenges of implementing the principles; engage in mutual learning and joint problem solving with other members that are well versed in security and human rights issues; create partnerships to address the challenges of security and human rights at the international, national and project level; jointly promote human rights to provide lasting positive impact; and develop tools that will help define best practice.

    Read more

  • Participants are organized into three pillars: corporate, government, and NGO. Observers can participate if they meet certain criteria such as demonstrating relevant expertise in human rights or in the industries that are the focus of the Voluntary Principles. All participants attend an annual plenary where the main decision-making takes place. Additionally, a Steering Committee, formed by participants of all three pillars, is responsible for the executive decisions. The Secretariat is responsible for the day-to-day administration. Finally, the Voluntary Principles Association is the entity that addresses the financial and administrative needs of the Initiative.

    Read more

  • Each group of stakeholders offers a unique perspective and contribution. Governments provide an enabling environment for the implementation of the Voluntary Principles for the public and private security sector and implement national policies; companies have firsthand knowledge regarding the challenges of working with public and private security on the ground; and NGOs have access to information regarding how security-related issues impact local communities. By working together and sharing information, stakeholders are better equipped to address security concerns collectively and to achieve lasting positive impacts.

  • The principles support improved practices by companies at the project level. Company participants have updated their corporate policies to reflect the values and act on the recommendations found in the principles. For example, many companies have integrated the principles into their contracts with private security providers. Additionally, companies have made significant investments in training programs for public and private security forces, employees, and contractors. Companies who join the Initiative can also draw on the experience of other members to better identify and manage security-related human rights risks.

    Read more

How to become a member of the Initiative

Learn more about the admission criteria to each pillar and details about the process of becoming a member.